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A.  Name:    Tjilik Riwut

Place/Date of Birth: Kasongan, Central Kalimantan,   February 2nd 1918

Sex:  Male

Tribe: Dayak Ngaju

Religion: Catholic

Rank: Honorary Indonesian Air Force First Marshall

Civil Service Grade:  Senior Officer/Pembina Utama IV e


- Elementary Public School SR 1930

- High School/Taman Dewasa 1933

- Journalistic Course 1936

RIP: 17 Agustus 1987

Parent's name:  Riwut Dahiang

Wife's Name:  Clementine Suparti

I. Children and children-in-law

1.  E.Enon Heryani    Ir. Riwung Toemon

2.  A.Ratna Hawun Meiarti Chrys Kelana , SH.       Chrys Kelana

3.  Dra. Theresia Nila Ambun Triwati 1. dr. Herman Hidayat ( † : 22  March 1979)  2. R.M Anakletus Suseno

4.  Kameloh Ida Lestari Tjilik Riwut           

5.  Anakletus Tarung Tjandra Utama          Dra. Peggy Priscilla Koesno


1.  1958:                      : Independence Movement Award/ GOM I

2.  1958                      : GOM IV

3.  1958          : Star of Eight Years of the Indonesian Military Forces/ Bintang Sewindu Angkatan Perang RI

4.  1958                      : Independence War/Perang Kemerdekaan I

5.  1958                      : Independence War/Perang Kemerdekaan II

6.  1959                      : Star of Guerrilla/Bintang Gerilya

7.  1963                      : Satya Lencana for Independence Warrior

8.  1967                      : Award of Satya Lencana Wiradharma

9.  1972                      : Star of Swa Bhuwana Paksa Class II

10. 1974                     : 24 Years of Military Service

11. 1978                      : Decoration of Satya Lencana Kara Satya class I

12. 1970                     : Award of Senegal

13. 1981                      : Star of Retired Independence Warrior/Bintang Veteran Piquing Kemerdekaan RI

14. 1988                     : Star of Indonesian Military Retiree Legion/ Bintang Legiun Veteran RI

15. 1995                     : Star of Distinguished Citizen First Class/Bintang Mahaputra Utama

16. 1998                     : Star of Distinguished Citizen/Bintang Mahaputra Adipradana

17. 1998                     : Declared as National Hero

Special Honorary Awards

1. 1962 : Pioneer of Development in Central Kalimantan Tengah, awarded by Provincial Parliament/DPR-GR

Central Kalimantan

2.         : Father of Central Kalimantan Development, awarded by District level parliament/DPR-GR Swantara Kotawaringin Timur (Sampit)

3. 1962 : The Main Father of Development and Advisor of Central Kalimantan, given by participants of development and economy discussion in Palangkaraya.

4.         : Pioneer and Father of Development in Central Kalimantan, given by ulemas of Central Kalimantan.

5. 1980: Elder of Kaharingan Hindu

6. 1986           : Elder of Golkar party

7. 1988           : As appreciation from the Government to Mr Riwut as the founder of Palangkaraya city also pioneer of the development in Central Kalimantan, on 10 November 1988 his name is used as the name of the airport in Palangka Raya

8.         : Anak Nyaru Hapatar Batu

Antang Liang Habalu Kilat

Mangkalewu Bukit Batu,

that means:

God of thunder with stone stairs

Eagle bird with lightning hair

Resident of Bukit Batu,

Given by residents of East Sampit District (Kasongan).


1.    1958 :  Letter of Appreciation from Indonesian Air Force

2.    1962 :  certificate from First Minister of Republic of Indonesia

3     1964 :  certificate of appreciation from Indonesian Air Force

4.    1967 :  Letter of Appreciation from Minister of Home Affairs

5.    1967 :  Letter of Appreciation from City Parliament/DPR-GR of Palangka Raya

6.    1968 :  Letter of Appreciation from Minister of Transports, Republic Indonesia

7.    1971 :  Certificate of Appreciation from Joint Secretariat of Golkar, North Barito.

8.    1971 :  Reference letter Army Staff and Command College (Seskoad)

9.    1974 :  Letter of Appreciation from Regional Military Commander XI/Tambun Bungai

10.  1977 :  Certificate of Appreciation in the Domain of Press in Central Kalimantan.

11.  1982 :  Certificate of Appreciation from the National Board of Indonesian Military Legion (LVRI)

12.  1982 :  Certificate of Appreciation from BP 7

13.  1982 :  Certificate of Appreciation from Indonesian House of Representative

14.  1982 :  Certificate of Appreciation from Advisor Council of Golkar Party

15.  1984 :  Certificate of Appreciation of Central Board of Golkar Party

16.          :  Honorary Title as Independence Fighter Retiree, Republic of Indonesia.

History of employment and titles

1.   1940 1941 : Editor-in-Chief of magazine Pakat Dayak with Suara Pakat. Correspondent of Harian Pembangunan (Development Daily), led by Sanusi Pane

Daily correspondent of Pemandangan Daily, led by M.Tabrani

2.   1945 1947 : Staff of Borneo Governor Representative Office in Yogya

3.   1945 : Representative of Courier/Cargo Service to Borneo in


4.   1946 : Chief of Delegation II, Republic of Indonesia's Envoy in Yogya to Kalimantan

5.   17 Des 1946 :   Representative of 142 Dayak tribes from inland of Kalimantan (185.000 persons) declaring the Faithful Oath to the Government of Republic Indonesia with Dayak customary ceremony at Presidential Palace (Gedung Agung) in Yogyakarta

6.   1946 - 1954 : Major TNI/Commander of MN 1001 Mobile Brigade MBT/TNI Kalimantan

7.   1946 - 1949        : Member of National Committee of Central Indonesia/ KNIP

8.   17 October 1947 : Commander of Parachute Jumpers of Republic Indonesia to Kalimantan

9.   1948 : Assistant Secretary - Special Task on War Tactics, Ministry for War, Air Force Section

10.  1950 : District Head in Sampit (Central Kalimantan)

11.  1950 1951 : District Head in Kotawaringin Timur (Central Kalimantan)

12.  1951 1956 :Regent of 2nd Level of Kotawaringin Timur (Central Kalimantan)

13.  1957 : Assisting District Head of the office for preparing Central Kalimantan as the independent 1st level/provincial government in Banjarmasin.

14.  1958 : Assisting Head of Region of newly founded 1st level/provincial government of Central Kalimantan.

15.  1957 1959 : Member of National Council of Republic of Indonesia

16.  1958 1959 : Officer-in-charge for Gubernatorial of 1st level/provincial government of Central Kalimantan

17.  1959 1963 : Member of Supreme Advisory Board/Dewan Pertimbangan Agung

18.                                 :   member of Provincial Parliament (DPR-GR) Central Kalimantan

19.  1959 1967 : Governor of Central Kalimantan Province (Leading and Founding the Jungle area to become the capital city of Palangka Raya)

20.  1961 : Special Aid of Indonesian Air Force in Kalimantan

21.  1963 : Chairman and Member of Ad Hoc Committee for Retooling the State Apparatus in Central Kalimantan.

22.  1964-1966 : Member of People's Consultative Assembly In Transition (MPRS)

23.  1964 : member of National Council on Economic Development (Mupenas)

24.  1964 : Honorary Air Force Colonel of Indonesian Air Force

25.  1966 : Honorary Air Force Commodore/Air First Marshall of Indonesian Air Force

26.  1967-1972 : Governor assisting in Inter Region Command (Koanda) Kalimantan

27.  1970 : Aide and Advisor to Chief of Staff of Regional Military Commando III

28.  1971 1987 : Member of Regional House of Representative (3 periods)

29.  1973 1985 : Coordinator of Native Tribes from all inland of Kalimantan.

30.  1974 : Civil servant with the rank of Pembina Utama Golongan IV e


1. Dayak Food(1948)

2. History of Kalimantan(1952)

3. Kalimantan is calling(1958)

4. Introducing Central Kalimantan and Development of the city of Palangka Raya(1962)

5. Manaser Panatau Tatu Hiang(1965).

6. Developing Kalimantan (1979)


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Bukit Batu ( Stone Hill ) Hermitage of National Hero Tjilik Riwut Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE


Bukit Batu (Stone Hill)

Hermitage of National Hero Tjilik Riwut

Bukit Batu currently known as Hermitage of National hero Tjilik Riwut is located in Central Kalimantan. The provincial government declared the area as a spiritual tourist object.

( Orikame Victoria, Palangka Raya  documentation)

(  Orikame Victoria, Palangka Raya dokumentation)

1. Origin.

There's a long story told on how the Bukit Batu hermitage exists. A resident of Tumbang Liting village named Burut Ules is a bakaji[1]. One day he went by himself to open an area of plantation. Without companion he worked hard, opening the forest, building a resting hut, without forgetting the ancestor's tradition to seek permission from all unseen creatures, the guardian of the area.

One afternoon Burut Ules felt exhausted and had a rest for a while under a hundred year’s tall shady tree. Laying down with his hand under his head, he stared far beyond. The sunlight stroke hard, but under the thick forest, he felt the soft wind touched his skin and he was so sleepy. But suddenly, he was surprised and stood up. He saw seven maidens extremely beautiful flew down from the sky and went down to a lake nearby. At that time, it drizzled, but the sun shone hard. Burut Ules sneaked his way approaching the lake. In his hideout, he peeked. Those girls opened their clothes straight, besaluka[2], and jumped swimming, they were cheerful, full of joy and laughters.

Burut Ules was astonished, he could not blink seeing the scenery. The youngest of the group fascinated Burut Ules the most. He stared at the girl without being noticed. Burut Ules fell in love with her. After being satisfied with the bath and swim, the little group went back to the land, used their clothes and jumped flying back to the sky. From that moment Burut Ules was unhappy and restless. He regretted that he did not hold that youngest maiden when she put on her dress after the bath while they were so near. The regret tortured him that he could not either sleep or eat well.

One day under the strong sunlight, it drizzled. Burut Ules hurried himself hiding behind the bush. He waited and watched the lake where his beloved had a bath. His effort and waiting was not fruitless. In a moment, from the sky his sweetheart and her siblings flew down to the lake. Burut Ules's heart almost stopped. Slowly he took a deep breath to calm himself.

Then Burut Ules saw the repeated scene as he witnessed before. The seven maidens opened their clothes as soon as they arrived, then they had their bath, swam and were full with laughters. But, when they returned to the land to take their clothes, at that time Burut Ules suddenly appeared among them and hugged instantly her sweetheart.

The panic surrounded the little group and all of them hurried using back their clothes and jumped back to the sky leaving the little sister in fear, in the tight embrace of Burut Ules.

When all her elder sisters had left, this youngest maiden asked Burut Ules, “Why are you seizing me? What is my mistake? What do you want? If you want to kill me, please do so since I will not resist."

Burut Ules could not answer all those questions, he only replied very short that he loved her and wanted to marry her. The youngest maiden hugged him back and they became officially husband and wife.

Afterwards, Burut Ules was busy hiding her wife's cloth that she used when they first met. He's worried that his wife would leave him if she used it back. He gave his wife a new dress made of wood bark. In brief, Burut Ules' wife was pregnant and when the baby boy was born, he was called ....[3].Burut Ules lived happily with her son and wife.

One day arrived a strong, brave, black, tall and big young man visiting the family. Burut Ules' wife presented the young man as one her brothers on a visit. Burut Ules welcomed him with pleasure, he even let the man spend the night at his house.

However, after a while, Burut Ules was suspicious because both always went together to the lake for the bath, swam happily and only two of them. The baby was left out in the hut. A jealousy rose inside him. But each time Burut Ules asked her, the response rest the same that the man was merely her brother.

A notice was given for not taking a bath together on the lake, but they continued swimming together. Burut Ules started to be angry.

One day, in the right moment, Burut Ules stabbed the big black young man with his spear until death. In an instance, the young man's body disappeared. Although he hid the spear, his wife still found out the truth.

When Burut Ules returned home, he found his wife standing on the hejan[4] with their only child on her arm. When she saw his coming, she spoke with full of sadness and told him that she was so sad and disappointed that her husband did not trust her anymore and even coldly murdered her brother. That's why she insisted to go her origin and brought their son with her.

Before leaving, she left a message that if Burut Ules' descendants need assistance then their only son would always be ready to assist. Also she said, if their child had grown up, he would not be able to live in mother's world since his father and mother came from different world. In his adult age, he would return to his father's world. After saying all those words, bother son and mother vanished from Burut Ules' view. He was terribly sad. The late regret was useless. Burut Ules tried to wake his life from the sad lost. He spent his days working hard until he's exhausted and fell to sleep, worked, worked and kept on working. Thus, all his time was spent for working on the farm, catching fish and all other works.

After a while, slowly Burut Ules was able to live his life back after the departure of his wife and child. He remarried with the child of Kutat. From this marriage, two children were born, a boy and a girl. It's believed that Burut Ules never passed away but vanished to another world.

One day in Derep Bay, Tumbang Kasongan a very loud sound of thunder deafened the ear. Flashes of lightning stroke one after the other. Then a humongous rock was lowered from the Sky. It's believed that the son of Burut Ules disappeared with his first wife had become an adult. As promised, in his adult age the son would live in his father's world. The promise had been fulfilled. The rock that came down from the sky was known as Bukit Batu. (Stone Hill) and is believed as his residence, he who cannot be seen by physical eyes, but lives as the King and ruler of the area.

2. Hermitage of National Hero Tjilik Riwut

Riwut Dahiang, resident of the area of Sala river, really hopes for a child boy. This wish was so strong. Although several times already his wife Piai Riwut delivered babies, but the baby boy always passed away in toddler's age. This desire was so strong that Riwut Dahiang made the request in a deep prayer to the Hatalla[5].. Then he went to a sacred place called Bukit Batu (Stone Hill). There Riwut Dahiang did the balampah[6] and requested that he be granted a son. He received a mystical advice (wangsit) that the son he longed very much for would carry out a special mission for his tribe.

On 2 February 1918, the truly expected son was born safe in a Durian farm, Katunen Village, Kasongan, Central Kalimantan.

(  Orikame Victoria, Palangka Raya  dokumentation)

(  Orikame Victoria, Palangka Raya dokumentation)

Since early childhood, the father often brought Tjilik Riwut to Bukit Batu so that it's no longer a strange place for little Tjilik Riwut. After his toddler age, when playing with friends, sometimes Tjilik Riwut just left his friends and went to Bukit Batu. Noone knew what he did there. In his teenage, Tjilik Riwut started to follow his parents' ritual. He went by himself to Bukit Batu. There he did the balampah. He received his first mystical advice (wangsit) that he was directed to go crossing the sea towards the Island of Java. At that time, the communication and transportation from inland Kalimantan to Java were extremely difficult. It's considered as a dream. Let alone going to Java, reaching the city of Banjarmasin located on the same island needs a real struggle. Tjilik Riwut did not recognise the word hopeless. Obstacle and difficulties were challenges for him. He made all the efforts like walking, going through the forest, riding a boat or dinghy, as long as he could reach the island of Java. Finally he arrived in Banjarmasin. In brief, he tried to get a job that could take him to Java. In 1942 in Banjarmasin, at might when everybody was asleep, Tjilik Riwut awoke from his sleep and he woke his sleeping friends. With confident, he told his friends that his father Riwut Dahiang returned to God Almighty that night. All his friends were of course amazed, none of them believed it and thought that Tjilik Riwut was dreaming. Steadily and full of confidence he said once again that it's all true since the Ruler of Bukit Batu just came to see him, convey the message and that since the moment Tjilik Riwut was his closest friend.

Tjilik Riwut asked his friends to take note of the incident all with the date and hour. Djainudin, Essel Djelau and another friend wrote it down although they were not sure that the event Tjilik Riwut had experienced really happened. To verify the reality of that subconscious feeling is only possible if a resident from Kasongan comes to Banjarmasin. At that time the communication was not as easy as today. No phone, no post service available. News came with a person coming from village.

Then a friend came from Kasongan to Banjarmasin, Tjilik Riwut asked immediately about his parent. It's true that at the moment when he felt the sign that his father passed away.

In revolution era when Tjilik Riwut had finally reached Java Island and was even actively involved in the struggle against the Dutch, he managed to go home and did the balampah in Bukit Batu. He prayed for a sign in the struggle against the Colonial. That moment he swore that he would not get married the independence of Indonesia[7]. After balampah, he received a stone in the shape of an earlobe. According to the mystical advice, he could use the stone for listening and monitoring the enemy when the stone was put on the ear lobe. After Indonesia achieved its independence then the ear lobe stone disappeared.

Quoted from "Maneser Panatau Tatu Hiang", Tjilik Riwut, Pusaka Lima, Palangka Raya, 2003.

[1] Possess a high spiritual power

[2] Cloth/Tapih/bahalai/jarik ( Javanese ).

[3] Need a special permit to mention the name.

[4] Round type of wood - used as housing stairs.

[5] The Almighty.

[6] Meditate.

[7] The oath was fulfilled. After Indonesia's independence, Tjilik Riwut got married on 31 May 1948 in Yogyakarta.

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Tjilik Riwut, my father  

Tjilik Riwut, My Father

This internet site is written based on diary and documentation of my father, Tjilik Riwut

Talking about my father is sometimes unique since my father often did unexpected things. Once I by myself accompanied my father weakly lying on a hospital. That day was August 16, 1987, a day before he passed away, I did not expect that my father asked me to sing together his favorite song entitled. He counted one...two...and on three both of us sang together. In his weak condition, my father sang loudly and with high spirit. On the other hand, I sang in low voice near to whispering since I was ashamed if the nurse heard us. My almost unheard voice made my father angry and asked me to sing louder. I said to myself that I did not want my father scolded me so I sang as loud as possible. My father unexpectedly sang louder than me. previously in my worries, some nurses came and stared sharply at us and their face showed their amazement. Ha ha ha I was so ashamed. I stopped immediately, but my father kept singing. "Mohing Asang" song is popular among the Ot Danum Dayak and my father loved singing the song. In brief, it's his favorite song. From his diary, I found out that when he performed the government mission as ROPRI (Rombongan Oetoesan Pemerintah Repoeblik Indonesia/Delegate from the Republic of Indonesia) in entering the inland of Kalimantan from Yogyakarta in 1946, for raising up his own fighting spirit or mampatekang hambaruaa, he kept singing the song without pause and with loud voice when he was in a deep jungle. From his note, I found out that Mohing Asang is a war song and an order from the war commander. The song is in Ot Danum language and Siang-Murung dialect. If the commander sounded the salentak seven times and "Mohing Asang" was heard, the battle is ready to be executed.

Now Mohing Asang, the spirit burner and my father's favorite song is the part of regional pop album Manggatang Utus. Who knows if the new generation these days needs the spirit for battle of their own mampatekang hambaruan in their effort of attaining and holding the personal identity as a Dayak who acts locally and think globally. Hopefully.

Singing with my father in people's party stage in Kuala Kapuas, Central Kalimantan - 1962

After singing, my father looked sharp at me and said, "Nila, I think my time is coming. When it happens, you can't cry, Nila. Can you do that?" I was silent and had my head low. Once again my father asked me the same question. Slowly I said, "I can". My response made my father smile. I was startled because I was dragged to make promise to my father. For a Dayak, a promise is everything. Breaking it means embarrassing oneself. That's what my father said each time I said my promise.

Again, in one page of my father's diary, I found a story of my father's past experience. Once, because of fatigue my father had a very high fever until he lost conscience. It happened deep in the jungle during revolution era.

On the same page, he expressed his feeling encountering the Dutch during the colonial time:”The sufferance that never happened before in my life. Always being enemy's fugitive, I should always be prudent so that we could escape from the raid. The situation on the tip of enemy's bayonet made us in uncertain living place. Also uncertain resting place. Sometimes earth is our bed; sometimes wet grass is our mattress, cool mildew as the blanket, sky as the roof, gigantic woods as the wall, roots as the pillow, moon and star as the lamp. Random time for meal and drinks, caught in the rain, under the hot sun, getting wet, in brief, numerous kind experiences that we should pass. Nevertheless, the lifting spirit burned hard for the achievement of the holy mission. It's the reason that might cause our spirit in our soul "never perish by the heat, never be rotten because of the rain" . What my father wrote for me is an advice that no matter hard the obstacle barricades, all can be overcome as long as the spirit is never dead.

One more thing. My father is really fanatic with number 17. It is the date of Independence Day of Republic of Indonesia on 17 August 1945.

Number 17 really unifies with him that most of my father's life was filled with the number.

Below listed some data on number 17.

The oath of faith from 142 Dayak tribes from Kalimantan's inland to Republic of Indonesia at Gedung Agung Yogyakarta represented by Tjilik Riwut, occurred on 17 December 1946.

The first parachute troop jump in the history of Indonesian Armed Forces from Major Tjilik Riwut in Sambi village, Pangkalan Bun, happened on 17 October 1947. The historical day was declared as the Day of The Special Unit of Indonesian Air Force (Paskhas).

Pahandut village that later becoming the city of Palangka Raya, the capital of Central Kalimantan province, is the 17th village, as the order from Kahayan river.

Central Kalimantan with Tjilik Riwut as the first governor is the 17th province in Indonesia.

Central Kalimantan was founded during the 17th Cabinet.

The laying down of the corner stone for Palangka Raya city was on 17 July


On the handling over of Palangka Raya Charter to the Central Government on 15 December 1958, first governor of Central Kalimantan Tjilik Riwut promised that on 17 August 1959, Palangka Raya, still a wild jungle after its cornerstone laid, would be ready as the capital of a province. It means that the people in Central Kalimantan determined to work hard together, trying to build all the infrastructure and facilities, roads, offices, houses, airport and other supporting elements to be ready for the future development. The determination was like a whip burning up the spirit of Central Kalimantan community. Ignoring the fatigue, they worked in togetherness to prepare all necessary infrastructure and facility so that on 17 August 1959, the city of Palangka Raya was all prepared as a capital of a province.

When assuming the post as the governor of Central Kalimantan, Tjilik Riwut's telephone number is 17 and the plate number of his official vehicle is KH 17.

The construction of the first Catholic church in Palangka Raya reflects the number 17-8-1945, where the building is an octagon.

Tjilik Riwut ended his career as governor of Central Kalimantan on 17 February 1967.

Commemoration of Tjilik Riwut's steps in the battle in Central Kalimantan and the signature of memorial stone in the hermitage of Tjilik Riwut in Bukit Batu by Governor of Central Kalimantan was postponed because of the flood and was executed later on 17

May 1995.

Complete name of my mother is Clementine Suparti consists of 17 letters.

Then... on 17 August 1987 at 04.45 Indonesia Central Time (WITA) in Banjarmasin, my father returned to the Almighty and he was buried in Sanaman Lampang Hero's cemetery in Palangka Raya.

Everything was on the 17, it might be arranged. However, beyond human capability, my father passed away exactly on his favorite number or date, on 17 August.

On my father's burial I saw my mother and my four siblings, Enon, Hawun, Ida and Kletus were in tears. I wasn't likewise. I fulfilled my promise to my father, although when the coffin was slowly lowered to the earth, my vision was blurred and when I regained my consciousness I was already in Doris Sylvanus Hospital in Palangka Raya accompanied by my uncle Tiel Djelau. I was thankful that I fulfilled my "not crying" promise.

Thank you Lord for all the good memories with him.

Family Picture, Year 1975.

Data Source: facebook: Nila Riwut full.

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